Investing VS Not Investing: $50k Over 20 Years Outcome?
When it comes to managing money, one of the most important decisions you can make is how to invest your funds. The choices you make can have a significant impact on your long-term financial security. In this article, we will explore two scenarios: one where the money is not deposited in a saving account, and another where $50,000 is invested over 20 years
Scenario 1: $50k for 20 years in a savings account
If you decide not to invest the $50,000 for 20 years, the opportunity cost could be significant. Let's say that instead of investing the money, you choose to keep it in a savings account that earns a modest interest rate of 1%. After 20 years, your $50,000 would grow to $67,195.97.
Scenario 2: Investing $50k for 20 years
Assuming an annual return rate of 7%, investing $50,000 for 20 years can lead to a substantial increase in wealth. If you invest the money in a diversified portfolio of stocks, bonds, and other securities, you could potentially earn a return of $159,411.11 after 20 years.
Let's break it down. The compound return formula calculates the future value of an investment based on the initial investment amount, the return rate, and the length of time the investment is held. Using this formula, we can see that the $50,000 investment could grow to $159,411.11 if it earns a 7% annual return.
The Impact of Inflation on the Value of Money Over Time.
Inflation refers to the rate at which the general level of prices for goods and services is rising over time. If the inflation rate is higher than the interest rate earned on a savings account, the real value of the money can decrease over time.
For example, let's say that the average inflation rate over the 20 years was 2%. In the case of scenario 1 above, the purchasing power of the $50,000 would decrease by approximately 38% over 20 years. In the example above, the real return is actually -4% which is derived by subtracting the decrease in buying power from the compounded return. In other words, the investor lost money 4% of his/her capital in 20 years.
To combat the effects of inflation, it's important to consider investments that have the potential to generate returns that exceed the inflation rate. This is why many investors choose to invest in assets such as stocks and real estate that have historically offered returns that have outpaced inflation over the long term.
In summary, inflation can have a significant impact on the value of money over time. By investing in assets that have the potential to generate returns that outpace inflation, you can potentially protect the purchasing power of your money and achieve your long-term financial goals.
The Importance of Diversification in Investing
In Scenario 2, we assumed that the $50,000 investment was diversified in a portfolio of stocks, bonds, and other securities. Diversification is an important strategy for managing risk in investing. By spreading your investment across different asset classes, industries, and geographies, you can potentially reduce the impact of any single investment on your overall portfolio.
Assuming the same 7% annual return rate, if the $50,000 investment was diversified, the future value of the investment after 20 years would still be $159,411.11. However, the specific breakdown of the return among the different asset classes in the portfolio would depend on the individual investments chosen.
For example, if the portfolio was invested in 60% stocks, 30% bonds, and 10% other securities, the return would be different from a portfolio that was invested in 50% stocks, 40% bonds, and 10% other securities. The specific allocation of investments would depend on factors such as your risk tolerance, investment goals, and time horizon.
In any case, the important takeaway is that diversification can potentially help you achieve your long-term financial goals with reduced risk. By investing in a mix of different assets, you can potentially capture the benefits of market growth while minimizing the impact of market volatility.
The bottom line
As we've seen in these two scenarios, investing your money can make a significant difference in your long-term financial security. The earlier you start investing, the more time your money has to grow and compound, potentially leading to a larger nest egg down the road. On the other hand, not investing your money could mean missing out on potential returns that could prove significant over time.